Pneumonia is an acute inflammation of the lungs that can be caused by various microorganisms, such as bacteria or viruses. According to data from the World Health Organization, pneumonia is the cause of 15% of all cases of death for children under five in the world. In addition, it turns out that pneumonia is a more deadly disease for children than diarrhea, malaria, HIV/AIDS, and measles. Parents can monitor the health of their baby’s respiratory system with the best baby oxygen monitor on 2022.
How to recognize pneumonia?
Symptoms of pneumonia are preceded by fever and symptoms of an acute upper respiratory tract infection, such as a cough, which then worsens to shortness of breath. Shortness of breath is the main symptom of pneumonia. Shortness of breath in children is characterized by rapid breathing and chest indrawing. Parents or caregivers need to recognize early symptoms of shortness of breath in children so that children can be immediately taken to the nearest health facility and get help quickly and appropriately.
How to count a child’s breaths?
How to count a child’s breath can be done by placing the hand of a parent or caregiver on the child’s chest and counting the child’s breath movements in 1 minute. A child’s breathing is said to be fast if the child’s respiratory rate is more or equal to 60 breaths per minute in children aged < 2 months, more or equal to 50 times per minute in children aged 2 months to 11 months, and more or equal to 40 times per minute in children aged 1 year to 5 years. If the child’s breathing is fast, accompanied by an inward chest indrawing, it can also be accompanied by symptoms of the head such as nodding when breathing and/or blueness of the lips, then the child has shortness of breath.
What to do if you find your child is congested?
If the child is short of breath, immediately take the child to the nearest health facility because if there is a fever and cough before, the child may have pneumonia. Children with pneumonia are treated with oxygen and antibiotics in a health facility. Another danger sign that is an emergency in children is if there are seizures, decreased consciousness, the child looks blue or does not want to drink.
Pneumonia is a deadly infectious disease, especially in children under five. Early recognition of pneumonia symptoms by parents and caregivers by performing a child’s breath count is important for prompt and appropriate management to avoid death from pneumonia.